Motions  takes human trafficking and contemporary slavery as its focus. Human trafficking is an accelerating form of crime and is a world-wide problem. It is one of the darker outcomes of globalization, the breakdown of the nation-state, and increasing ease of travel.

Static and moving, variable and sequential, the piece presents programmed text, image and music fragments to evoke the subjective experience of enslavement in motion. No single 'page' is ever the same, but the work moves forward with a linear progression.

Selected for the Electronic Literature Collection, Volume 3

text by Hazel Smith
images and coding by Will Luers
sound by Roger Dean
created in November, 2013

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*due to recent iOS restrictions, audio may not play on iPads.

Artist Bios

Hazel Smith is a research professor in the Writing and Society Research Centre at the University of Western Sydney. She is author of The Writing Experiment: strategies for innovative creative writing, Allen and Unwin, 2005 and Hyperscapes in the Poetry of Frank O'Hara: difference, homosexuality, topography, Liverpool University Press, 2000. She is co-author of Improvisation, Hypermedia And The Arts Since 1945, Harwood Academic, 1997 and co-editor with Roger Dean of Practice-led Research, Research-led Practice in the Creative Arts, Edinburgh University Press, 2009.

Hazel is also a poet, performer and new media artist, and has published three volumes of poetry, three CDs of performance work and numerous multimedia works. Her latest volume of creative work, with accompanying CD Rom, is The Erotics of Geography: poetry, performance texts, new media works, Tinfish Press, Kaneohe, Hawaii, 2008. Formerly a professional violinist, she is a member of austraLYSIS, the sound and intermedia arts group. She has performed her work extensively in US, Europe, UK and Australasia, and has been co-recipient of numerous grants for austraLYSIS from the Australia Council for the Arts (including a key organization grant 2000-2004). In 2012-13 she was a recipient of an Australia Council for the Arts Literature Board Digital and New Media Writing grant. She has had five large-scale commissions from the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, and in 1992 her collaboration with Roger Dean, Poet Without Language, was nominated by the ABC for the prestigious Prix Italia Prize. She has performed her work extensively in US, Europe, UK and Australasia. Hazel was the founder editor of infLect, an online international journal of new media writing based at the University of Canberra (2004-6), and is now co-editor with Roger Dean of soundsRite, a journal of new media writing and sound, based at the University of Western Sydney. Her website is at

Will Luers is a digital artist and writer living in Portland, Oregon. He is currently a visiting professor in the Creative Media & Digital Culture program at Washington State University, Vancouver where he teaches multimedia authoring, digital publishing, digital narrative, video production and mobile app development. His current research and artistic interest is in the creation and publishing of multimedia web books. In 2010, he was awarded the The Vectors-NEH Summer Fellowship to work on his database documentary, The Father Divine Project. His video art has been selected for the Media Arts Show at the 2010 and 2008 ELO Conferences. In 2005, he won Nantucket Film Festival and Tony Cox Award for Best Screenplay. His website and portfolio is at

Roger Dean is a composer/improviser, and since 2007 a research professor in music cognition and computation at the MARCS Auditory Laboratories, University of Western Sydney. He founded and directs the ensemble austraLYSIS, which has performed in 30 countries. His creative work is on 30 commercial audio CDs, and he has released many digital intermedia pieces. His creative work revolves around keyboard improvisation, and computer music composition, though he also writes instrumental music and performs ensemble jazz with the austraLYSIS Electroband and in other contexts. Improvisation and computer-interaction merge in his MultiPiano Event, a solo performance exploiting live piano, real-time audio processing, generative physical synthesis piano, and electroacoustic sound. His 400 substantive research publications include 7 humanities books. Previously he was CEO of the Heart Research Institute, Sydney, researching in biochemistry, and then Vice-Chancellor and President of the University of Canberra. His website is at and his brief biography is on Wikipedia at Roger_Dean_(musician).

This project has been assisted by the Australian Government through the Australia Council, its arts funding and advisory body.

Motions: Resources

In the course of writing the text for Motions numerous sources both in print form, and on the Internet, were consulted and used. These included books, academic articles, newspaper articles, blogs, legal documents and the websites of organisations. The most relevant sources are cited below.

Achenbach, A., Witte, V. & Foitzik, S. (2010). Brood exchange experiments and chemical 
	analyses shed light on slave rebellion in ants. Behavioral Ecology, 21, 948-956.

Allain, J. (2009). R v. Tang: Clarifying the Definition of Slavery in International Law. 
	Melbourne Journal of International Law, 10, 246-255.

Bales, K. & Soodalter, R. (2010). The Slave Next Door: Human Trafficking and Slavery in 
	America Today, Berkeley: University of California Press.

Craig, G. (2010). Child Slavery Now: A Contemporary Reader, Bristol: The Policy Press.

Farley, M. (2003). Prostitution, Trafficking and Traumatic Stress, London: Routledge.

High Court of Australia  (2008). The Queen v Tang. 

Johansen, R. Date unspecified. Child Trafficking in Ghana. United Nations Office 
	on Drugs and Crime. URL.

Kolodizner, I. (2009). R v Tang: Developing an Australian Anti-Slavery Jurisprudence. 
	Sydney Law Review, 31, 487-497.

Lee, M. (ed.) (2007). Human Trafficking, Devon: Willan Publishing.

Lee, M. (2010). Trafficking and Global Crime Control, London: Sage Publications.

Quinn, B. 2010. US Missionaries charged with child kidnapping in Haiti. 
	The Guardian, February 4th. URL.

Ritzer, G. (2003). Rethinking globalization: glocalization/grobalization and
	something/nothing. Sociological Theory, 21, 193-209.

Ritzer, G. (2007). The Globalization of Nothing, London: Pine Forge Press.

Schloenhardt, A., Beirne, G. & Corsbie, T. (2009). Trafficking in persons in Australia: 
	myths and realities. Global Crime, 10, 224-247.

Schloenhardt, A. & Jolly, J. (2010). Honeymoon from hell: human trafficking 
	and domestic servitude in Australia. Sydney Law Review, 32, 671-692.

Territo, L. & Matteson, R. (2011). The International Trafficking of Human Organs: a 
	Multidisciplinary Perspective, Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

Weitzer, R. (2007). The social construction of sex trafficking: ideology and 
	institutionalization of a moral crusade. Politics & Society, 35, 447-475.

Winterdyk, J., Reichel, P. L. & Perrin, B. (2012). Human Trafficking: Exploring the 
	International Nature, Concerns, and Complexities, Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.